Every 60 seconds, of every day, six people suffer a needlestick injury somewhere in the world. Every day, three people die as a result of those injuries1.
World Health Organisation (WHO) reports in the World Health Report 2002, that of the 35 million health-care workers, 2 million experience percutaneous exposure to infectious diseases each year. It further notes that 37.6% of Hepatitis B, 39% of Hepatitis C and 4.4% of HIV/AIDS in Health-Care Workers around the world are due to needlestick injuries. It is estimated in the United States of America alone that over 320,000 needlestick injuries occur every year2.
It is estimated by WHO that 30-50% of some 12 billion injections given per year are administered unsafely3.
Syringe reuse is a worldwide problem and can result in the spread of blood borne pathogens. The WHO estimates that 40% of the 16 billion injections administered worldwide annually involve reused, unsterilised syringes and needles, with rates of unsafe injections climbing to 70% in some countries2. The reuse of injection equipment is responsible worldwide for 32% of new HBV infections, 40% of new HCV infections, and 5% of all new HIV infections4.
The ClickZip™ Needle Retractable Safety Syringe technology provides valuable protection for the health worker, their patients and others in the community and prevents the spread of disease, infection and blood-borne pathogens. The wide spread use of this technology is primarily concerned with safety in the community and its long term health.
World Health Organisation defines a safe injection as one that:
- Does not expose the health worker to avoidable risk
- Does not result in waste that puts other people at risk
There are more than 20 blood-borne pathogens that can be transmitted by needlestick injuries.
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Others including Syphilis, Herpes, Brucellosis….
1WHO guideline on the use of safety-engineered syringes for intramuscular, intradermal and subcutaneous injections in health-care settings. WHO 2015
2Terry Grimmond, FASM, BAgrSc, GrDpAdEd and Linda Good, PhD, RN, COHN-S, “EXPO-S.T.O.P.: A National Survey and Estimate of Sharps Injuries and Mucocutaneous Blood Exposures among Healthcare Workers in USA,” AOHP Journal, vol. 33, no. 4 (Fall 2013), pp. 31-36.
3Benedetta Allegranzi, The Burden of Unsafe Injections Worldwide: Highlights on Recent Improvements and Areas Requiring Urgent Attention, the World Health Organization and Patient Safety (A World Alliance for Safer Health Care), n. d., p. 2.
4 WHO Guideline on the Use of Safety-Engineered Syringes for Intramuscular, Intradermal and Subcutaneous Injections in Health-Care Settings, World Health Organization, WHO/HIS/SDS/2015.5, p. 7.